ForeclosuresToGo
Learning Center | Nebraska Foreclosure Laws

Questions
How are trust deeds or mortgage liens treated in Nebraska?
How are Nebraska mortgages foreclosed?
What are the legal instruments that establish a Nebraska mortgage?
How long does it take to foreclose a property in Nebraska?
Is there a right of redemption in Nebraska?
Are deficiency judgments permitted in Nebraska?
What statutes govern Nebraska foreclosures?

Answers

How are trust deeds or mortgage liens treated in Nebraska?

Nebraska now primarily operates as atitle theory state where the property title remains in trust until payment in full occurs for the underlying loan. The primary statute under which such foreclosures are undertaken is called theNebraska Trust Deeds Act. Foreclosure is anon-judicial remedy under this theory. The document that secures the title is called adeed of trust.  Nebraska law also permitsmortgages to serve as liens upon real property and forjudicial foreclosures to occur through the courts. Because thepower of sale provisions intrust deeds is a faster mechanism to effectuate foreclosure and because there is no right to redemption, this is the primary vehicle used to foreclose.

top

FREE 7-DAY TRIAL!

You're only seconds away from searching foreclosures FREE for 7 days with America's largest and most trusted database.

It's fast and easy!

How are Nebraska mortgages foreclosed?

The primary method of foreclosure in Nebraska involves what is known asnon-judicial foreclosure. This type of foreclosure does not involve court action but requires notice. When thetrust deed is initially signed it will usually contain a provision called apower of sale clause which upon default allows atrustee to sell the property in order to satisfy the underlying defaulted loan.  Thetrustee acts as a representative of the lender to effectuate the sale which typically occurs in the form of an auction. Because this is a non-judicial remedy there are very stringent notice requirements and the legal documents are required to contain thepower of sale language in order to use this type of foreclosure method. In Nebraska trust deeds can also be foreclosed using the same judicial process as relates to mortgages if such option is chosen.


Power of Sale Notice Requirements:

  1. Prior to initiating a foreclosure the lender must serve anotice of default and notice of sale must be recorded with the register of deeds. Not less than ten (10) days after the recordation of thenotice of default a copy must be sent to the borrower and others such as junior lien holders or those have requested such notice.
  2. Anotice of foreclosure sale, which is usually incorporated with thenotice of default, must be sent to the borrower and all interested parties 20 days prior to the date of the sale. Sale must take place at a time, place and manner as stated in thenotice of sale. Sale must take place in the same manner as an execution sale would occur in a judicial foreclosure. Theattorney for the trustee may conduct the sale.
  3. Generally thenotice of sale must be advertised for five (5) consecutive weeks with the last publication at least ten (10) days before the sale but no more than thirty (30) days before the sale. If no address of the trustor (borrower) is set forth in the trust deed and if no request for notice is made pursuant to the loan documents the notice of default must usually be published for at least three (3) times, once a week for three consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation. Publication must begin not later than ten (10) days after the filing of the notice of default.

In Nebraska, thelenders can also go to court in what is known as ajudicial foreclosure proceeding where the court must issue a final judgment of foreclosure. Usually if the deed of trust does not contain thepower of sale language, the lender must seek judicial foreclosure. The property is then sold as part of a publicly noticed sale. A complaint is filed in court along with what is known alis pendens. A lis pendens is a recorded document that provides public notice that the property is being foreclosed upon.

top

What are the legal instruments that establish a Nebraska mortgage?

The documents are known as thetrust deed, and in a commercial transaction, asecurity agreement. Sometimes the mortgage document is combined with the security agreement.  Alternatively, amortgage is filed to evidence the underlying debt and terms of repayment, which is set forth in thenote.

top

How long does it take to foreclose a property in Nebraska?

Depending on the timing of the various required notices, it usually takes approximately 90-120 days to effectuate an uncontestednon-judicial foreclosure. It may take up to six months to effectuate a judicial foreclosure and the borrower may be able to delay a sale up to 9 months. This process may also be delayed if the borrower contests the action in court, seeks delays and postponements of sales, or files forbankruptcy.

top

FREE 7-DAY TRIAL!

You're only seconds away from searching foreclosures FREE for 7 days with America's largest and most trusted database.

It's fast and easy!

Is there a right of redemption in Nebraska?

Nebraska has no post-salestatutory right of redemption with respect to foreclosures which have been confirmed. A redemption can be made prior the finalconfirmation of the foreclosure sale provided all sums due, including taxes, costs and interest is paid in full.

top

Are deficiency judgments permitted in Nebraska?

Yes. Adeficiency judgment may be obtained when a property in foreclosure is sold at a public sale for less than the loan amount which the underlying mortgage secures. A deficiency action must be commenced with 90 days and is limited to the amount of debt (including costs and fees) subtracted from thefair market value of the property.

top

What statutes govern Nebraska foreclosures?

The laws that govern Nebraska deed of trust foreclosures are found in Chapter 76, Nebraska Statutes. The specific section on foreclosure sales contained in trust deeds is set forth under Chapter 76-1005.

http://statutes.unicam.state.ne.us/corpus/chapall/chap76.html


top
Home Login Contact About Lost Access Code Email Alerts FAQs
Privacy Policy & Security Statement Terms & Conditions of Service